Diagnostic spectrum of radiology
With MRT examinations, three-dimensional images can be created completely painlessly –
without radiation exposure and in a layered procedure. MRI should not be confused with
„X-rays“ – or computed tomography. While X-rays are used to create images in these
methods, the nuclear spin examination is based on a strong magnetic field within the
„tube“ in which the patient lies.
Areas of application of the MRI
Muscles, ligaments and cartilage
arms and legs
Cervical soft tissues
Abdominal and pelvic organs
Kidneys and urinary tract
Female pelvic organs
Head, brain and spinal cord
Heart and cardiovascular system
With this examination it is also possible to visualize even the smallest structures.
Computed tomography is an imaging procedure in radiology that is based on X-rays. The
computer tomograph sends X-rays through the body – and the body absorbs part of them.
From these absorption values, the computer then calculates detailed sectional images,
which – superimposed – can result in an overall picture.
Applications for CT
Other examinations in which CT is often used include, for example:
Examination of solid structures with a low water content, for example bones or air-rich
regions such as the lungs
Examination for many abdominal diseases
Examinations in the area of the base of the skull, the paranasal sinuses and the middle
Examination of calcifications in the coronary arteries
Examination of patients with cardiac pacemakers and defibrillators in use
Examination of patients with older cochlear implants (inner ear prosthesis)
Examination of patients with metal fragments in the body (shrapnel , metal fragments in
the eye, etc.)